- Sector and Positioning:
For the past 17 years, Amcha Ghar (AG) has dedicated itself to providing shelter to vulnerable destitute girls (orphans, those with single parents, and children of commercial sex workers). These girls are referred to Amcha Ghar by CWC (Child Welfare Committee) and other NGOs and are provided with residential accommodation, English Medium education, and vocational skills to integrate them into mainstream society. The girls are also provided extra coaching for weak subjects.
Amcha Ghar, situated in Uttan village approximately 7-8 km from Bhayander in Thane district, Maharashtra, started with three children in 1996. Today AG is home to 25 girls between the age group of 6 to 20 years. The NGO aims at emotional, psychological and educational development of the girls in a loving and caring family atmosphere.
Amcha Ghar School was established around ten years back to provide formal English medium education for younger beneficiaries of the Home as well as children of local fisher folk families, saltpan workers and marginal farmers. The school has around 600 students and charges basic minimum fees with an intention to provide inexpensive and accessible education to economically weaker strata of society. In addition to the school, Amcha Ghar runs four Balwadis at Morwa, Pali, Murdha and Bhatiya areas of Uttan village.
AG has also extended its backing to older girls who earn to support themselves and complete their higher education, by providing an extension home at Bhayander (9km away from the home).
- Financial Parameters:
- Beneficiary Fees: In FY13, beneficiary fees contributed 51% (Rs2mn) of total income. The fees include income in the form of nominal school fees collected from students of Amcha Ghar School and Balwadis. Beneficiary fees have been in the range of 36% to 38% during FY10-FY12. The increase in income from Rs1mn in FY12 to Rs2mn in FY13 is on account of increase in cost of higher education and high inflation.
- Individual Donations: In addition to donation from individuals, regular donations from organisations such as Smile Foundation, Global Education Trust and Garware Charitable Trust are classified by AG under donations and account for 48% (Rs2mn) of total income in FY13. (Refer Fig.1)
- Programme Expenses: Expenses aggregated Rs3mn in FY13. Expenses incurred on programme activities which were in the range of 27% to 35% during FY10-12 have declined to 20% in FY13 on account of expenses on school books and stationery not incurred in FY13.
- Staff Salaries: Salaries accounted for 45% (Rs1mn) of total expenses in FY13. The salaries show an increasing trend from 31% to 45% during FY10-FY13. In AG, the girls are encouraged to fulfil their dreams and hence are provided with the best possible coaching even if it is expensive. The rise in salary can be attributed to the higher cost of further education for these girls.
- Overheads: Overheads mainly include expenses incurred on rent and repairs for the school and hostel and account for 22% (Rs0.85mn) of total expenses in FY13. Overheads have been in the range of 22% to 28% during FY10-FY13. (Sector average: 14%). (Refer Fig.2).
- Fixed Assets: Fixed Assets account for 32% (Rs0.75mn) of total assets in FY13. Immovable assets comprising of AG residence flats (where the girls reside) account for 65% (Rs0.49mn) of total fixed assets. Other assets include furniture and fixtures and computers used at schools.
- Investments: In FY13, AG had investments to the tune of 45% (Rs1mn) of total assets. Investments were in the range of 17% to 34% during FY10-FY13. The fund set aside as Corpus has been invested in fixed deposits by AG.
- Trust Corpus: AG has relatively small corpus of Rs0.6mn in FY13. Corpus has increased by 25% from FY12 (Rs0.4mn).
- General funds: In FY13, 33% of total funds were set aside in General funds. General funds have recorded a marginally increasing trend on account of a surplus reported by AG over the past three years.
- Earmarked Funds: The balance of earmarked funds has remained unchanged during FY10-FY13 (Rs0.6mn). These includes opening balance of Rs0.57mn set aside for purchase of property and funds of Rs0.1mn set aside as computer funds.
- Sustainability Parameters:
- Income Growth: AG largely depends on individual donations and beneficiary fees (in form of school fees). It receives regular but small contributions from organisation such as Smile Foundation, Global Education Trust, and Garware Charitable Trust ensuring steady flow of income. AG posted total income of Rs4mn in FY13 recording growth of 13% over FY12 and a CAGR of 26% during FY10-FY13.
- Self-sufficiency ratio: In FY13, Self Sufficiency Ratio is 109%. The ratio indicates ability of an organisation to meet expenses from own funds. Own funds include individual donations and beneficiary fees. Since entire income of AG is derived from these sources, the ratio is quite high.
- Income generating activities: AG owns land of about three acres at Murbad where it intends to undertake income generating activities in the long run.
- Major Challenges:
- Inadequate funds: AG lacks funds to meet actual expenses towards infrastructure, running costs of the school and for its future expansion plans.
- Shortage of human resources: Insufficient resources at school for providing extra coaching to the girls is forcing AG to approach private tutors at high cost which raises their overall cost for educating the girls.
- Growth and diversification plans: AG plans to build a group home for the benefit of college going and working women. It requires funds to the tune of Rs7-8 lacs and staff of five people. AG also plans to provide healthcare and shelter to deprived and needy aged in future which differs from its existing area of focus. Deviation from main line of activity may lead to difficulties in raising funds as they lack necessary expertise and experience in the concerned sector.
- Governance & Reporting Standards:
The governing body of AG consists of seven members who meet atleast once every four months, with additional meetings as necessary to plan and discuss developments. Donor agency meetings are also conducted as per the need and request of donors. AG maintains separate file for each inmate and a progress report for each girl. The documents are made available to Government or funding agencies on request. Internal evaluation by management and external evaluation by International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) is done from time to time. Staff meetings are held at the end of every month. The girl’s parents and relatives visit once a month to evaluate the girls (education, health etc.) and to discuss future plans and eventual rehabilitation.
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